NURS 6050 Professional Nursing and State-Level Regulations

NURS 6050 Professional Nursing and State-Level Regulations

NURS 6050 Professional Nursing and State-Level Regulations

APRN practice is typically governed by the Board of Nursing and defined by the Nursing Practice Act. Besides, the method is impacted by various laws and regulations. According to Neff et al. (2018), although the rules may vary from one state to another, they all aim at securing the interest of the public health safety by regulating activities of APRNs health care professionals. They explicitly state that the variation existing between APRNs and related state rules and regulations brings the need for nurses to explicitly understand their scope of practice as defined by the laws and regulations of the said state. In light of this, the paper delves into giving an in-depth explanation of Georgia APRN Board of Nursing regulations, while comparing and contrasting with Ontario’s laws.

In Georgia, the Board of Nursing is the regulatory body for APRNs. These boards are responsible for evaluating applications for nurse licensure, disciplinary actions, issuance, and renewal of nursing licenses. On the other hand, the College of Nurses of Ontario is the governing and regulatory body for APRNs. Although the criteria the two organizations use to give credentials are similar, there are significant differences in the scope of practice in Georgia and Ontario. APRN practice laws in Georgia are the most restrictive in the whole of U.S. The regulations in Georgia require an APRNs to engage in a protocol agreement with a supervising physician actively, so that other supervision requirements are comprehensively mandated. Besides, the regulations do not allow APRNs to write prescriptions for schedule II medications, which lowers the ability of the nurse to order diagnostic tests (Bosse et al., 2017). The prescription laws and regulations in Ontario contradict the ones in Georgia. It is common to find an APRNs in Ontario prescribing medications to patients. The state laws of Ontario allow nurses to prescribe controlled substances provided they have completed approved substance education. The government of Ontario in 2017 recommended changes to the regulations under the Nursing Act 1991 that gave power to APRNs to expand their scope of practice. In essence, the Nursing Act of 1991 is one example of a law that regulates the magnitude of APRNs in Ontario.

The Georgia Board of Nursing through its licensure laws and regulations requires APRNs to hold an active Georgia registered nursing license before an individual can practice as a certified nurse practitioner in the state. On the other hand, APRNs that are considered independently licensed providers are supposed to work under protocol agreements, and Georgia Composite Medical Board controls their prescriptive authority. On the contrary, Ontario state licensure laws and regulations permit all NPs to exercise autonomy in practice. The nurse can assess patients, diagnose, order diagnostic tests, initiate and manage treatments, prescribe all medications, including control substances without a provider’s supervision after qualifying in Approved Substance Education. Allowing APRNs to have full practice access will enable an increase in experience and expand the talents inherent in nurse practitioners. Besides, it will encourage significant innovations in the nursing profession; it also motivates other NPs to spring up in filling the gap created by the shortage of providers in Canada.

In my practice, which is in Georgia, the state practice and licensure laws and regulations are restricting our ability as nurses to engage in at least one element of APRN practice. Besides, this regulation will ensure that all nurse in practice gets certification to practice as an APRN in Georgia. Moreover, the demand of Georgia states laws and regulations will ensure I appreciate career-long supervision, team management, and delegation to another health care provider so that as an APRN, I provide patients with quality care (Milstead & Short, 2019). In my practice, restriction of prescribing schedule III to V drug and substances is limiting the scope of practice of nurses. The prescriptive authority of a supervising physician by submitting a written protocol to the supervising physician and permission is granted, ensuring that nurse managers in my practice engage in supervision mandate. Georgia prescription laws and regulation demands are applicable in my training in the sense that we, the nurses, are required to prescribe both legend drug and Schedules II-V controlled drugs only after certification.

APRNs in Georgia can adhere to licensure laws and regulations by visiting the Georgia Composite Medical Board website after being authorized to complete licensure requirements. Besides, after graduating from a nursing education program, a nurse should look for licensure by endorsement as a registered nurse (Peterson et al., 2015).  Further, a nurse should apply to evaluation. The Georgia Board of Nursing is responsible for evaluating applications for nurse licenses. In regards to prescription laws and regulations, Peterson et al. (2015) assert that APRNs can adhere to this regulation by ensuring that Schedule III and IV controlled substances cannot be filled or refilled more than five times or more than six months after the date the prescription was issued, whichever occurs first. Besides, a nurse should ensure that Schedule II prescriptions cannot be refilled. Under the Georgia State law, there is no expiration for a Schedule II prescription.

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Bosse, J., Simmonds, K., Hanson, C., Pulcini, J., Dunphy, L., Vanhook, P., & Poghosyan, L. (2017). Position statement: Full practice authority for advanced practice registered nurses is necessary to transform primary care. Nursing Outlook, 65(6), 761–765. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2017.10.002

Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Neff, D. F., Yoon, S. H., Steiner, R. L., Bumbach, M. D., Everhart, D., & Harman J. S. (2018). The impact of nurse practitioner regulations on population access to care. Nursing Outlook, 66(4), 379–385. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2018.03.001

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Peterson, C., Adams, S. A., & DeMuro, P. R. (2015). mHealth: Don’t forget all the stakeholders in the business case. Medicine 2.0, 4(2), e4. doi:10.2196/med20.4349

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3 months ago
Elizabeth Smith
RE: Discussion – Week 5
Good evening Adesola,
Thank you for pointing out the differences between nursing board regulations in Iowa and Illinois. I wanted to understand why some states allow ARNPs the liberty to practice independently but in other states, they are not allowed. I wondered if the more rural states tended to give more liberty to the nursing profession in this regard. According to the online Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) program from the Simmons School of Nursing (n.d.), lawmakers are working on expanding the nurse practitioner’s (NP) role to underserved areas because primary care physicians are in such short supply in these areas. More importantly, studies show that when the scope of practice for NPs is expanded, the quality of patient outcomes is not reduced (Ortiz et al., 2018).
Ortiz, J., Hofler, R., Bushy, A., Lin, Y., Khanijahani, A., & Bitney, A. (2018, June 15). Impact of nurse practitioner practice regulations on rural population health outcomes. Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland), 6(2), 65.
Simmons School of Nursing. (n.d.). Where can nurse practitioners work without physician supervision? Retrieved from

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An Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner (ARNP) is a certified registered nurse who has completed national certification for a specialized area (Arizona Board of Nursing, 2020) such as Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP). This nurse will compare the regulations from two of the places she has lived in, Alaska and Arizona

According to Ariz. Rev. Ann § 32-1601(20) (ARNP) has full independent authority and practice under licensure authority of the State Board of Nursing instead of a licensed physician (NCSL Scope of Practice Policy, 2021). The same is true in Alaska, (ARNP) have full independence to practice without the supervision of a physician according to Alaska Admin. Code §12-44.400. This means that both states allow (ARNP) to
1. Examine a patient and establish a medical diagnosis by client history, physical examination, and other criteria.
2. For a patient who requires the services of a health care facility: Order and interpret laboratory, radiographic, and other diagnostic tests, and perform those tests that the RNP is qualified to perform.
1. Admit the patient to the facility,
2. Manage the care the patient receives in the facility, and
3. Discharge the patient from the facility.
4. Prescribe, order, administer and dispense therapeutic measures including pharmacologic agents and devices if authorized under R4-19-511, and non-pharmacological interventions including, but not limited to, durable medical equipment, nutrition, home health care, hospice, physical therapy, and occupational therapy.
5. Identify, develop, implement, and evaluate a plan of care for a patient to promote, maintain, and restore health.
6. Perform therapeutic procedures that the RNP is qualified to perform.
7. Delegate therapeutic measures to qualified assistive personnel including medical assistants under R4-19-509.
8. Perform additional acts that the RNP is qualified to perform and that are generally recognized as being within the role and population focus of certification. (ARIZONA STATE BOARD OF NURSING, 2017)
One key difference is in the prescribing and dispensing authority within each state. Arizona requires that evidence of a minimum of 45 contact hours of education within the three years immediately preceding the application be submitted, covering one or both of the following topics consistent with the population focus of education and certification: Pharmacology, or Clinical management of drug therapy (ARIZONA STATE BOARD OF NURSING, 2017). While Alaska requires the applicant to provide evidence of completion of 15 contact hours of education in advanced pharmacology and clinical management of drug therapy within the two-year period immediately before the date of application (DIVISION OF CORPORATIONS, BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL LICENSING, 2021)
NURS 6050 Professional Nursing and State-Level Regulations

Arizona Board of Nursing. (2020, July 24). Arizona Board of Nursing Scope of Practice APRN Questions & Answers SCOPE OF PRACTICE Nurse Practitioners. Retrieved from Arizona Board of Nursing:
NCSL Scope of Practice Policy. (2021). State Overview: Arizona. Retrieved from NCSL Scope of Practice Policy:


To apply lessons in nursing history to living nurses contributing to nursing history through an interview and recording of historical information

Course Outcomes

The Course Project enables the student to meet the following Course Outcomes:

CO 1.   Incorporate appropriate historical perspectives into current professional nursing practice. (PO #2)

CO 4.   Compare current professional nursing practice roles with historical roles of the nurse. (PO #7)


The entire project is worth 600 points. Milestone 1 is worth 100 points of this total.

Due Date

Submit your completed NR390 Milestone 1 to its Dropbox by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. MT at the end of Week 1.

Requirements and Guidelines

  1. Nursing history is being made today by exemplary nurses throughout the world. Select one registered nurse who is creating nursing history to be the subject of this project. This RN must have at least 15 years of RN licensure. The nurse could be a family member, friend, colleague, acquaintance, manager, former instructor, or other nurse who is creating, delivering, or influencing the practice of nursing in your area. Do not select a former or current patient. Remember that a nurse does not have to create a nursing theory, write textbooks, or be the head of a nursing organization to make nursing history. The chief nurse executive who manages to deliver quality care in a small rural hospital with a tiny budget has a story worth telling. The nurse who served in the military has a story that is important to document as nursing history. The staff nurse who consistently provides high-quality care is making history. History is not merely the major accomplishments or events, but includes the activities nurses everywhere do in their nursing lives. Milestone 1 is due at the end of Week 1.
  2. Clearly explain to the selected nurse that statements made in the interview will be recorded (audio, video, and/or written) and submitted to instructor. The interview is not intended for public access.
  3. Obtain permission from the selected nurse to participate in an interview about his or her
    1. memories of nursing and nursing education;
    2. contributions to nursing; and
    3. persons or events that have influenced his or her nursing practice.
  4. Carefully review the Milestone 1 Grading Criteria and Grading Rubric. Complete only Milestone 1 requirements at this time.
  5. Download the Milestone 1 Template. Save it to your computer in Microsoft Word 2010 (or later) as a .docx file with the file name Your Last Name Milestone 1.docx. Type directly on your saved Milestone 1 Template. Submit your completed Milestone 1 as instructed by Sunday of Week 1.
  6. NOTE: Do not complete the interview at this time.

Grading Criteria

Name of Selected Nurse1515%Provides first and last name of selected nurse with credentials.
Years Selected Nurse Has Been an RN1515%States the number of years the selected nurse has been an RN. Nurse must have held an RN license for at least 15 years.
Your Relationship With Selected Nurse2525%Describes details of your relationship with the selected nurse.
Why You Selected This Nurse4545%Explains details of why the selected nurse is making nursing history and was chosen as the subject of this Course Project.
Total100 points100% 

Grading Rubric

Assignment CriteriaA (100%)




Outstanding or highest level of performance

B (88%)




Very good or high level of performance

C (80%)




Competent or satisfactory level of performance

NI (38%)


Needs Improvement

Poor or failing level of performance

F (0%)




Unsatisfactory level of performance

Name of Selected Nurse


15 points

States first and last name of the selected nurse and credentials (example, BSN, RN, FNP, etc.). Explains the meaning for each credential (example, RN is registered nurse).


15 points ☐

States first and last name of the selected nurse and credentials but with no explanation for the credentials.


13 points ☐

States first AND last name of the selected nurse.


12 points ☐

State first OR last name of the selected nurse.


6 points ☐

Does not state names or credentials of the selected nurse.


0 points ☐

Years Selected Nurse Has Been an RN


15 points

Selects a nurse who has been an RN for at least 15. States specific number of years the selected nurse has been an RN.


15 points ☐

Selects a nurse who has been employed for at least 15 years, but not necessarily as an RN. States specific number of years selected nurse has been employed.


13 points ☐

States incorrectly the number of years selected nurse has been an RN. 12 points ☐Selects a nurse who has less than 15 years of experience as an RN.


6 points ☐

Does not state years the selected nurse has been an RN.


0 points ☐

Your Relationship With Selected Nurse


25 points

Clearly identifies the relationship of student to the selected nurse with details of length of relationship and circumstances.


25 points ☐

Mostly identifies the relationship of student to the selected nurse but generally describes the length of the relationship and/or the circumstances.


22 points ☐

Somewhat identifies relationship of student to the selected nurse but provides few details of the length of the relationship or the circumstances.


20 points ☐

Minimally identifies the relationship of student to the selected nurse and provides minimal details about the relationship.


10 points ☐

Does not clearly identify relationship of student to selected nurse and/or length of the relationship.


0 points ☐

Why You Selected This Nurse


45 points

Clearly explains details about why this nurse was selected.


45 points ☐

Mostly explains details about why this nurse was selected.


40 points ☐

Somewhat explains details about why this nurse was selected.


36 points ☐

Minimally explains details about why this nurse was selected.


17 points ☐

No information provided as to why this nurse was selected.


0 points ☐

Total Points Possible = 100 points

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